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Articles Bible Study Facts Exodus


God’s glory fills the tabernacle

Israel has witnessed some incredible events, such as the 10 plagues and the parting of the Sea. Now, at the end of Exodus, God’s glory fills the tabernacle and he will lead them to the Promised Land.


Linen was made from the flax plant. The plants were pulled up by their roots and dried before undergoing a process known as “retting,” which loosened the fibers. The fibers were then beaten and combed so that they could be… Read More »Linen


Every piece of furniture in the tabernacle was crafted according to God’s plan. Each item represented something about God’s character: his sovereignty, his generosity, his presence with his people. They were reminders of how God met their needs and forgave… Read More »Furniture


Cubits were a basic unit of measurement in Israel. One cubit equaled the distance from the elbow to the fingertips—about 18 inches (46 cm).

Acacia wood

Acacia wood was highly valued for its beauty and durability. Around the Mediterranean, some acacias are like shrubs, while others grow up to 50 feet (15 m) tall. They are one of the few large trees hardy enough to withstand… Read More »Acacia wood

The Jewish year

The Jewish year was based on the annual rotation of the sun, moon, and stars, and on the cycle for planting and harvesting crops. The OT refers to days, months, years, and seasons, but no passages specify a complete calendar.

Instructions for the tabernacle

The level of detail given in God’s instructions for the tabernacle in ch. 30 emphasizes that Israel is to worship the Lord in their midst according to his word and plan.

Altar of incense

Altar of incense. Incense was burned to purify the altars after animals had been slaughtered there. Incense also symbolized Israel’s constant prayer to God.


A veil separated the altar from the Most Holy Place of God’s presence in the tabernacle and later in the temple. Aaron the priest was to make atonement there once a year on behalf of the people and their sin… Read More »Veil

Gold bells

The gold bells along the hems of the high priest’s garment (28:33) served two purposes. They alerted people that the high priest was present, and they reminded the priest himself to be reverent and careful in carrying out his sacred… Read More »Gold bells

The bronze altar

The bronze altar was the largest item in the tabernacle courtyard, measuring more than seven feet square. Bronze was more resistant than other metals to the heat required for burnt offerings. The altar provided a contrast to the items inside… Read More »The bronze altar


Restitution. The Mosaic law decreed that those who caused others to lose property, through either theft or carelessness, had to make full restitution for the loss. By contrast, many other societies in both ancient and modern times have decreed prison… Read More »Restitution

Who were the Amalekites?

Who were the Amalekites? The Amalekites were nomads living in the northern Sinai peninsula. They were the first to attack the Israelites after the exodus. They remained a threat to Israel for hundreds of years.

Manna for Christians today?

Manna for Christians today? The manna that appeared each morning with the dew foreshadowed Jesus Christ, who is the true Bread from heaven (John 6:30–58).


Chariots (14:23) were two-wheeled vehicles pulled by horses. They were made of wood and leather. Mainly intended for battle, chariots often had two riders: a driver and a warrior. Chariots were also used for hunting and for transportation. They were… Read More »Chariots


The word redeem (13:13) means to free someone or something from harm by paying a price. Jesus is the supreme example of redemption in the Bible. He paid the ultimate price—his very life—to bring freedom from sin and eternal life… Read More »Redeem

Was Pharaoh considered a god?

Was Pharaoh considered a god? According to some ancient Egyptian sources, each morning the pharaoh would conduct “the Rite of the House of the Morning,” a ritual believed to awaken the sun god, causing the sun to rise.

Death of livestock

Death of livestock. A number of the Egyptian gods were portrayed as having the head of an animal: Apis and Mnevis (bulls) and Khnum (a ram). Isis was depicted with cow horns on her head.


Frogs. The Egyptians worshiped the god Hekt, who was portrayed as having the head of a frog.

River turned to blood

River turned to blood. Egypt’s most important gods were associated with the Nile River. Turning the Nile to blood proved that the God of Israel had supreme control of the rivers.

Lord of all creation

Lord of all creation. Each of the 10 plagues showed clearly that the God of Israel was infinitely more powerful than the false gods of the Egyptians.

Why was straw needed for making bricks?

Why was straw needed for making bricks? To withstand the harsh weather in Egypt, buildings needed especially strong bricks. Mixing straw with the clay allowed the clay to bind together and helped the bricks to dry evenly (5:10).


Pharaoh. Egypt’s kings, called pharaohs, had absolute power over everything in Egypt. The OT mentions at least 10 different pharaohs.


Holy means “set apart for God’s special purpose.” It is a condition of purity and freedom from sin. When the Bible speaks of God’s holiness it means his utter separateness from everything else that exists, especially from all forms of… Read More »Holy


Bitumen is a mineral found in Mesopotamia and Palestine. It was used as a mortar for setting bricks and for waterproofing rafts and boats (2:3).