The Twelve Apostles

Matthew 10:2–4Mark 3:16–19Luke 6:14–16John (various verses)Acts 1:13
1. Simon, who is called Peter1. Simon (to whom he gave the name Peter)1. Simon, whom he named PeterSimon Peter (1:40–42)1. Peter
2. Andrew his [Simon Peter’s] brother4. Andrew2. Andrew his [Simon Peter’s] brotherAndrew, Simon Peter’s brother (1:40)4. Andrew
3. James the son of Zebedee2. James the son of Zebedee3. Jamesunnamed son of Zebedee (21:2)3. James
4. John his [James’s] brother3. John the brother of James4. Johnunnamed son of Zebedee (21:2)2. John
5. Philip5. Philip5. PhilipPhilip of Bethsaida (1:43–44)5. Philip
6. Bartholomew6. Bartholomew6. BartholomewNathanael of Cana (1:45–49; 21:2)**7. Bartholomew
7. Thomas8. Thomas8. ThomasThomas called the Twin (11:16)6. Thomas
8. Matthew the tax collector7. Matthew (Levi, son of Alphaeus, a tax collector, 2:14)7. Matthew (Levi, tax collector, 5:27)8. Matthew
9. James the son of Alphaeus9. James the son of Alphaeus9. James the son of Alphaeus9. James the son of Alphaeus
10. Thaddaeus10. Thaddaeus11. Judas the son of JamesJudas (not Iscariot) (14:22)11. Judas the son of James
11. Simon the Zealot11. Simon the Zealot10. Simon who was called the Zealot10. Simon the Zealot
12. Judas Iscariot12. Judas Iscariot12. Judas IscariotJudas the son of Simon Iscariot (6:71)12. Matthias replaces Judas [who had died] (Acts 1:26)

*Others in the NT are regarded as apostles besides the Twelve, notably James the brother of Jesus (Acts 15:12–21; 1 Cor. 15:7; Gal. 1:19), Paul (Acts 14:4, 14; 1 Cor. 9:1; 15:8–9), and Barnabas (Acts 14:4, 14).

**Nathanael is probably Bartholomew, since he is closely associated with Philip. He is certainly not Levi/Matthew, who already has two names and who was from Capernaum. It is possible but unlikely that he is Thaddeus/Judas or Simon the Zealot.

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