Projects need to be executed to achieve the outcomes of the organisation’s strategic plans. Operations and projects differ because operations are ongoing and repetitive, while projects are temporary and unique. Projects need to be witnessed as a tool to answer the strategic objectives that cannot be managed within the organisation’s normal operational boundaries. In the diagram below, hierarchical layers in the organisation develop plans at their respective levels. All projects are ultimately subordinate to the organisation’s strategic plan. Each program comprises several objectives, which are executed using Project Management methods.

Mission the overriding belief in the string with the importance of influential stakeholders is affected by the organisation’s overall objective, scope, and boundaries. A project manager needs to understand ‘What business are we in?‘ and ‘What is our reason for being?

Vision represents the occupation of work for the institution. So the project manager needs to know, ‘Where do we want to be x years from now?’

Goal/s generally aim in line with the assignment; they may be qualitative.

Objectives are quantification, a more specific statement of the goal.

Strategies are relatively comprehensive declarations of purpose that show the activities required to accomplish the objectives.

Actions or tasks are individual steps to execute strategies to link comprehensive direction to specific operational problems and individuals.

Thought Provoking Change Management

“It must be considered that there is nothing more difficult to carry out, nor more doubtful of success, nor more dangerous to handle, than to initiate a new order of things.For the reformer has enemies in all those who profit by the old order, and only lukewarm defenders in all those who would profit by the new order, this lukewarmness arising partly from fear of their adversaries, who have the laws in their favour; and partly from the incredulity of mankind, who do not truly believe in anything new until they have actual experience of it. Thus it arises that on every opportunity for attacking the reformer, his opponents do so with the zeal of partisans; the others only defend him half-heartedly, so that between them he runs great danger.It is necessary, however, in order to investigate thoroughly this question, to examine whether these innovations are independent, or whether they depend upon others, that is to say, whether in order to carry out their designs they have to entreat or are capable to compel.In the first case, they will invariably succeed ill and accomplish nothing; but when they can depend on their own strength and are able to use force, they rarely fail.“From: The Prince, by Niccolo Machiavelli (1469 – 1527)

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