Major Periods within Second Temple Judaism

Second Temple Judaism developed as political authority changed hands from the Persians to the Greeks, to the Jewish Hasmoneans, and finally to the Romans.

539–331 b.c.331–164 b.c.164–63 b.c.63 b.c.a.d. 70
The Persian PeriodThe Hellenistic Period

  • Ptolemaic (Egyptian) Period (320–198)
  • Seleucid (Syrian) Period (198–164)
The Hasmonean (Maccabean) PeriodThe Roman Period

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