Four Kinds of Abraham’s Offspring

Natural, physical offspringPhysical descendants of AbrahamIshmael, Isaac, the sons of Keturah (and by extension Esau, Jacob, etc.)
Natural, yet special offspringPhysical descendants of Abraham especially tied to God’s elective and saving purposesIsaac (by extension Jacob and the entire nation of Israel)
Promised offspringThe true, unique offspring of AbrahamA distinctive line of offspring, starting earlier with Seth and continuing through Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Israel, and David, culminating in Jesus Christ (Gal. 3:16)
Spiritual offspringThose united with Christ (the promised offspring)Jews and Gentiles who trust in the Messiah

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