Ezekiel’s Temple Vision

Ezekiel’s final vision of an ideal temple (and city, and land; chs. 40–48) forms a counterpart to the vision of chs. 8–11. In each case he is taken on a tour of the structure, but whereas in the earlier vision he discovers abominations and perverted worship, in this final vision all is in readiness for the perpetual dwelling of the glory of the God of Israel. In chs. 8–10 most of the movement centers on the gate structures to the north and finally focuses on the main sacrificial altar, from which central point the slaughtering angels begin their work (9:6b). In this final vision Ezekiel’s tour begins and ends at the East Gate, but passes by the same areas as those he saw in the earlier vision. With the “tour” completed, he is again outside the main East Gate as he senses the approach of the glory of God returning the same way as Ezekiel had seen him go.

Temple Plan

The labels are arranged from the innermost, and most sacred, area and moving outward. It must be borne in mind that “temple” can have two quite distinct references: it can refer generally to the entire “temple” complex, including the outer gates and court; in its more “strict” reference the “temple” is the innermost structure itself, which has a single (eastern) entrance and contains the Most Holy Place.

A41:4The “Most Holy Place.”
B41:3The inner room of the temple.
C41:2The entrance to the temple.
D43:13–17The imposing altar; although the number of stairs is not given, the entire altar structure is about 16 feet (4.9 m) tall, so many steps would have been required. This area of the inner court was accessible only by priests—not even the prince was permitted entry.
E40:46Chamber for Zadokite priests.
F40:45Chamber for “priests who have charge of the temple.”
G40:17–19The outer court, with its 30 chambers in the outer wall (40:17).
H46:21–24The temple “kitchens,” one in each corner of the outer court.
I40:17The 30 outer chambers.
J46:2The “prince’s gate”: from its threshold he worships on each Sabbath while the priests bring the offerings into the inner court.
K43:1The main east gate, through which “the glory of the God of Israel” returns to his temple (cf.10:19; 11:22–23).

Temple Tour

140:6The eastern (main) gate begins the tour; the E–W axis of the temple should be noted; if a line is drawn from the east gate to the Most Holy Place, there is a sequence of three elevations, as the space in the inner temple becomes increasingly constricted.
240:17From this vantage point in the outer court, Ezekiel is shown the main features of this “plaza” area.
340:20The northern-facing gate.
440:24En route to the southern-facing gate, no details are given of the outer facade of the inner court; the architectural details of this area must remain speculative.
540:28Ezekiel’s entry to the inner court is by way of its south gate …
640:32… then to the east gate (past the imposing altar, not yet described) …
740:35… and on to the north gate, which includes areas for handling sacrificial animals.
840:48; 41:1Ezekiel approaches the inner temple structure itself, first describing its entrance; he is then stationed outside the entrance while his guide first measures its interior, then the exterior.
942:1They exit the inner court through its north gate to explore the northwestern quadrant of the outer court.
1042:15Ezekiel and his guide leave the temple from the east gate by which they first entered. From this vantage point, Ezekiel was able to watch the return of “the glory of the God of Israel” moments later (43:1–5).

Ezekiel’s Temple Vision

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