Chronology in Esther

The events of Esther unfold over a period of 10 years.

ReferenceEventMonthDayYear of Ahasuerus’s ReignYear
1:3Ahasuerus holds his banquets3483b.c.
2:16Esther goes to Ahasuerus107479
3:7Haman casts his lots112474
3:12Haman issues his decree11312474
3:13Date planned for annihilation of the Jews121313473
8:9Mordecai issues his decree32313473
8:12; 9:1Day upon which Jews could defend themselves from attack121313473
9:6–10, 20–22Ten sons of Haman executed; Feast of Purim celebrated1214, 1513473

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