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Proverbs

Rock badgers

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Rock badgers are small cliff-dwelling animals closely resembling guinea pigs. They live and forage for food in large groups and are good at hiding. They are… Read More »Rock badgers

Gluttony

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Gluttony refers to excessive eating. The Bible condemns gluttony as well as drunkenness. Proverbs teaches that eating and drinking in excess can lead to poverty (23:19–21).

Kisses the lips

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The phrase kisses the lips in 24:26 probably has more to do with respect and friendly affection than with any idea of romance. The proverb teaches that speaking honestly… Read More »Kisses the lips

Mixed wine

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Mixed wine. Since the process of distillation had not yet been invented, the wine of ancient Palestine had a low alcoholic content. Sometimes, people added various… Read More »Mixed wine

Landmarks

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Landmarks (22:28) were boundary stones placed on each corner of a person’s property to show where it began and ended.

A false witnesses

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A false witnesses is someone who testifies dishonestly against another person (19:5).

Casting lots

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Casting lots. Though quarrels were often settled by a judge’s decision, sometimes there was not enough evidence to reach a verdict. In such cases, the parties… Read More »Casting lots

Bribe

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A bribe is anything that is given with the intent of persuading someone to act in a person’s favor. Bribes were forbidden in Ex. 23:8. The poor often… Read More »Bribe

Fountains

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The fountains of ancient Israel (16:22) were not the decorative kind seen today. A fountain was a natural spring-fed pool and was considered a treasure in the… Read More »Fountains

Thorns

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Thorns grew abundantly in the lands of the Bible (15:19). In both the OT and NT, thorns were used as instruments of torture and punishment. During… Read More »Thorns