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Tahpanhes (43:7) was a fortified city in the eastern part of the Nile delta, near what is now the Suez Canal. Archaeologists have found a… Read More »Tahpanhes

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Geruth Chimham

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The town of Geruth Chimham (41:17) may have been named after the Chimham mentioned in 2 Sam. 19:37–40 (see also “sons of Barzillai,” 1 Kings… Read More »Geruth Chimham

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Free vineyards

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Free vineyards. After they conquered Judah and shipped all the leading citizens to Babylon, the Babylonians gave vineyards to some of the poor Judeans who… Read More »Free vineyards

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The Lord commanded the Rechabites for keeping the commandments of their founder (ch. 35), which included abstaining from wine and not building permanent houses. The… Read More »Rechabites

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Books in the OT could refer to any written material (see 30:2). Usually this was in the form of papyrus scrolls. Pages were glued together… Read More »Books


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When Nebuchadnezzar defeated the Egyptian army at Carchemish in 605 b.c., it marked the beginning of Egypt’s decline as a power in the region and… Read More »Carchemish