Afflictions of Assyria against Israel

The Neo-Assyrian period (935–609 b.c.) brought renewed threats from the Assyrians. God used the Assyrians to chasten wayward Israel. In Nah. 1:12 the Lord tells Judah that “Though I have afflicted you [through the Assyrians], I will afflict you no longer.”

Assyrian RulerReignAfflictionSignificance and Biblical References
Shalmaneser III858–824b.c.Exacted tribute from “Jehu, son of Omri” according to the Black ObeliskDefeated at Qarqar in 853 b.c. by a Syrian coalition that included “Ahab the Israelite”
Adad-nirari III811–783Exacted tribute from Jehoash of IsraelHis attacks on Damascus enabled Jehoash to recover Israelite cities lost previously to Hazael (2 Kings 13:25)
Tiglath-pileser III (Pul)745–727Invaded the land and exacted tributeTo avoid deportation, Menahem paid tribute to Tiglath-pileser III (Pul) (2 Kings 15:19–20); Pul deported the Transjordanian tribes (2 Kings 15:29; 1 Chron. 5:26); Pul aided Ahaz of Judah against Rezin of Damascus and Pekah of Israel (2 Kings 16:5–10; 2 Chron. 28:16–21)
Shalmaneser V727–722Exacted tribute from Hoshea of Israel; took the northern kingdom (Israel) into exileHoshea refused to pay tribute and sought Egypt for help, the Assyrians besieged Samaria (2 Kings 17:3–6; 18:9–12)
Sargon II722–705Took credit for the invasion and exile of the northern kingdom (Israel) that began under Shalmaneser VSargon II may be the unnamed king of Assyria in 2 Kings 17:6
Sennacherib705–681Invaded JudahSennacherib besieged Lachish and forced tribute from Hezekiah (2 Kings 18:13–16); he besieged Jerusalem and demanded Hezekiah’s surrender (2 Kings 18:17–19:9); the Lord delivered Jerusalem from Sennacherib (2 Kings 19:10–37). See also 2 Chronicles 32; Isaiah 36–37
Esarhaddon681–669Exacted tribute from Manasseh of JudahMentioned at 2 Kings 19:37 as successor to Sennacherib (see also Ezra 4:2)
Ashurbanipal669–627Exacted tributeIncreasing tensions from Babylonia required Assyria’s direct attention. The increased political freedom of the western city-states is reflected in the reforms instituted by Josiah

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *